Project on criminal expertise
By Jean-Raymond Lemaire, Président EEEI
Following the decision of the Executive Committee will be launched the project on criminal expertise, the provisional objectives are:
- 1- make an inventory of the procedures of criminal expertise and status of experts in the European Union, based on a questionnaire sent to Supreme Courts and the Ministries of Justice (as for civilian expertise, project EUREXPERTISE) ;
- 2- prepare the response to a call for proposals that the European Commission should propose in the coming months (prediction). It might be possible to look for consensus on procedures, evidence, and to propose methods to succeed.
It could be an opportunity to implement an effective quality assurance system in the European Union for the processes, for the skills of those involved in criminal expertise and to think about exchange of information between the different actors of the criminal expertise and even interconnecting national databases.
—> (Following article of the Letter #24)
Initially, we will limit the scope to point 1, perform the inventory.
To recall, in the project EUREXPERTISE, civilian expertise, the project team in charge had worked as follows.
- A questionnaire was made and sent to 27 Supreme Courts (Croatia was not yet a member). This questionnaire has been illustrated with the French responses to clarify what was expected.
- The Supreme Courts which had not respond were revived. The responses were analyzed and clarification was sought.
- Verification requests were sent to members of the EEEI familiar with the procedures of their country.
In short, this inventory took a little more than a year and ended with a text in English and French presenting the procedures for each country and a summary on an EXCEL file.
The idea is not to start from scratch. We should build the questionnaire on the basis of 3 or 4 countries whose procedures are well known and widespread : FR, GE, UK, NL, BE ... We should also interview people who worked on the EUREXPERTISE project to share their experience and avoid main difficulties.
Finally it may be appropriate to make a synthesis, which could be presented during an international symposium and identify, on this occasion, tracks of consensus and structural differences...
The headquarters of the European Commission in Brussels. Crédits photo : François BOUCHON/Le Figaro